Although long extinct, Capulin Volcano National Monument is dramatic evidence of the volcanic processes that shaped northeastern New Mexico.
Approximately 60,000 years ago, the rain of cooling cinders and four lava flows formed Capulin Volcano, a nearly perfectly-shaped cinder cone, rising more than 1000 feet above the surrounding landscape. Mammoths, giant bison, and short-faced bears were witness to the first trembling of the earth and firework-like explosions of molten rock thousands of feet into the air.
Today the pine forested volcano provide habitat for mule deer, wild turkey, and black bears.
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