Adaptive Adventuring Through National Parks

Nerissa Cannon hiking
Nerissa Cannon - No Barriers and Dylan Miller

For Nerissa Cannon, America’s national parks have always been her door to adventure.

“A lot of times when someone has a disability, there's a lot of emphasis put on the limitation, the barrier. Instead of focusing on someone else solving that problem, someone else putting in that ramp, someone else opening that door, I look for ways to open it myself,” says Cannon.

Cannon grew up in a “big rock climbing community” and preferred to climb without gear to better feel the connection between herself and the wall. “After my mobility declined … rock climbing wasn’t even on my radar,” says Cannon. A friend with similar abilities encouraged her to get back on the wall. Cannon started her adaptive adventuring journey by figuring out how to hike in a wheelchair and with crutches, and those new techniques led her to rekindling her love of climbing.

Nerissa Cannon rock climbing

Nerissa Cannon rock climbing

Nerissa Cannon

Today, Cannon is a No Barriers and Winnebago explorer living in Southern Utah and frequents nearby national parks to climb. She has learned what works best for her: she uses a wheelchair with mountain bike components and levers that allow for more torque over uneven terrain and forearm crutches with interchangeable feet for different surfaces.

Her lived experience calls her to share information about accessing national parks as an adaptive adventurer so that others know it’s possible.

Before visiting a national park, Cannon uses the internet to research trail conditions, such as incline, elevation gains, and distance. Seeing photos of the trails is especially helpful when planning ahead.

For specifics, she heads to the park’s visitor center to get the most up-to-date information from National Park Service employees. Cannon shares that it’s really important to give people the information they’re asking for, regardless of your assumption of their capabilities. Cannon explains that she knows her capabilities with and without a team, so when she asks about things like how many steps there are on a trail, the width of a trail, the grade of a trail, it’s most helpful when people aren’t afraid to share that information.

“I'm fully capable. I've climbed 14,000 foot mountains,” adds Cannon.

Winnebago handing off keys to Nerissa Cannon

Nerissa Cannon and Winnebago

Winnebago Industries

Jeremy Buzzell, branch chief for the NPS accessibility management program, oversees accessibility-related technical assistance, training, and policy guidance for parks. “Our job is to provide information so each visitor can make their own well-informed decision,” Buzzell explains. In other words, an informed decision is an empowered decision.

Buzzell says that visitors can start by researching park accessibility broadly on, like searching for “accessible campsites” in the search bar. If you know which park you’d like to visit, check out the Plan Your Visit tab of the park-specific page.

Once you enter the park, Buzzell suggests stopping by the visitor center for a conversation with park employees about what activities you’re interested in and what your abilities are. Accessibility is a spectrum and together, park visitors and park employees can brainstorm different options for trails, exhibits, and more that you may enjoy.

Just as Cannon uses adaptive equipment to hike, there are many ways people with disabilities experience national parks. There is no one accessibility solution, but rather a range of options. From adaptive paddling gear to accessibility enhanced motorhomes, like those from #FindYourPark / #EncuentraTuParque partner Winnebago Industries, a variety of tools exist to help adaptive adventurers navigate national parks.

Nerissa Cannon and service dog Cash on wheelchair lift

Nerissa Cannon and Service Dog Cash

Winnebago Industries

Ultimately, many people go to national parks to ignite their sense of adventure. “I would encourage more people to take on a little bit more adventure, because it's okay to turn around. It's okay to start a trail and then go, ‘Oh, this is a little more than I thought,’” says Cannon.

People of all abilities deserve the chance to experience our nation’s greatest treasures and to make the decisions for themselves about how to experience them. “I have the right, everyone with different abilities has the right to decide what they're up for, and we have an equal right as everyone else. Equal right means equal right to that experience, even if it’s a struggle,” says Cannon.


Thanks for posting this! We need more posts about visiting National Parks with disabilities. I'm a disabled service dog handler and love National Parks. I wish I could visit more of them. It's one of my goals in life.
We agree with Nerissa, that people of all abilities deserve access to our beautiful National Parks, and have the freedom to determine for themselves how to enjoy them. For the Nation's State Parks, and State Park Foundations one of the best ways is through ghe addition of Action TrackChairs. These powered tracked wheel chairs can get disabled visitors deeper into the Parks, traversing the steepest and most rugged terrain, staying longer, seeing more than those limited to paved trails.
I've started researching the Action TrackChairs based on Brad Strootman's suggestion. While the idea has a lot of merits, it seems the liability for the NPS would be prohibitive. I'm sure it takes time to learn how to use the device, so a casual rental doesn't make sense. I'm interested in exploring this further as I have a relative who uses a wheelchair.
Thank you Julie for the opportunity to respond. An Action Trackchair uses the same joystick as the scooters you see people traveling the mall in. It is very intuitive and takes only moments to understand. In addition the speed can be tuned to any of five levels. There are already chairs in dozens of State Parks nationwide, led by Michigan that has loaner chairs in many of their parks. Colorado has an innovative program started in their parks, as does Wisconsin. Private resorts, lodges, and parks also provide chairs for disabled visitors. We provided an evening of Trackchair test rides to over 250 Park Directors, staff and park vendors at their National conference in Arkansas this past August, where they were greeted with a lot of interest and enthusiasm. There are Trackchair models that have been approved by the FDA, and the VA, with over 1,000 disabled veterans having Trackchairs. As far as liability for a park, I can assure you that parks that provide things like bicycles, and boats have far greater exposure. So good luck with your future research into Trackchairs Julie, let us know if we can be of any further service to you and your research. Brad Strootman Outdoor Events & Opportunities Action Manufacturing
I was saddened to see this discussion ended with my comments last January. Fortunately the conversation with different State Parks continues. Last Summer I received an email from gentlemen in a chair that recently retired and set out to visit the National Parks in the Western United States. He made the mistake of assuming that the Parks would have Tracked Chairs. After thousands of miles, and dozens of Parks he discovered that no National Parks have Action Trackchairs for their visitors, he was dissappointed and pledged that he was going to work to change that. I wish he had contacted us, I would have directed him to State Parks that do offer chairs. Since I last wrote, Kansas now has their ASK program, Missouri has chairs in Parks, Michigan State Parks have added Chairs so has Wisconsin's Access Program. Tennessee and North Dakota have started the conversation, and Minnesota hopes to launch their program this coming Spring. It is a beautiful world out there and everyone deserves access to it!

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