Pipe Spring National Monument

  • a wagon sits in a craggly landscape



Pipe Spring Information

Pipe Spring National Monument serves as a water oasis for American Indians, Mormon ranchers, and includes historic forts, gardens, and a ridge trail.

The water of Pipe Spring has made it possible for plants, animals, and people to live in this dry, desert region. Ancestral Puebloans and Kaibab Paiute Indians gathered grass seeds, hunted animals, and raised crops near the springs for at least 1,000 years. In the 1860s Mormon pioneers brought cattle to the area and by 1872 a fort (Winsor Castle) was built over the mainspring and a large cattle ranching operation was established.

This isolated outpost served as a way station for people traveling across the Arizona Strip, that part of Arizona separated from the rest of the state by the Grand Canyon. It also served as a refuge for polygamist wives during the 1880s and 1890s. Although their way of life was greatly impacted, the Paiute Indians continued to live in the area and by 1907 the Kaibab Paiute Indian Reservation was established, surrounding the privately owned Pipe Spring ranch. In 1923 the Pipe Spring ranch was purchased and set aside as a national monument.

Making an Impact

Visiting Pipe Spring

rustic landscape

Map of the Park

Pipe Spring National Monument
HC 65, Box 5
Fredonia , AZ

Parks Near Pipe Spring National Monument

A rock formation at Zion National Park
Utah’s first national Park, Zion offers hiking, camping, backpacking, climbing, and more, making it a popular summer vacation spot for families and adventurers.
Geologic amphitheater of the Cedar Breaks National Monument
Resting on top of the Colorado Plateau at over 10,000 feet in elevation, a breathtaking view at Cedar Breaks National Monument awaits.
Bryce Canyon National Park
Bryce Canyon National Park, in Southwestern Utah, is famous for the largest collection of hoodoos—beautiful rock spires that cut through the sky— in the world.
naturally carved arch in red rock
Rainbow Bridge National Monument, the world's largest natural bridge, attracts visitors with hiking trails and alluring Navajo Indian history and culture.
From the Blog
Support Our Parks
The protection of our national parks is a job we can all do. Our parks need the support of people like you who love and visit them.