James A. Garfield National Historic Site preserves the property associated with the 20th President of the United States. Garfield acquired the home in 1876 to accommodate his large family. The home, named Lawnfield by reporters, was the site of the first successful front porch campaign in 1880. James A. Garfield was President from March 4, 1881 until his assassination on September 19, 1881. Four years after the President's death, the Memorial Library wing was added by Mrs. Garfield and her family - setting the precedent for presidential libraries.