Interpreting the Asian-American Experience in Parks

Edith HanNPF Blog
Colorful paper cranes hanging off of a Japanese umbrella under blue skies at Minidoka National Historic Site
Minidoka National Historic Site –NPS

The history of Asians in the U.S. reaches back to the early 1800s, long before the American Civil War. Asian peoples have made substantial contributions to the development of the U.S. throughout history. From the Filipinos who were settling in the New Orleans area since at least the 1800s; to the Asian Americans who served in the U.S. armed forces since the War of 1812; to the Chinese who comprised most of the labor force for the Central Pacific Railroad’s portion of the first Transcontinental Railroad in the 1860s – Asians played a large role in shaping the story of this country.

As the world’s largest and most populous continent, Asia extends from China to Cambodia to India, and even parts of Russia. In the context of the history of the United States, up until the latter half of the 1900s, the Asian American story focuses mostly on East Asian Americans, namely the Chinese and Japanese.

As important as their roles were, both Asian immigrants and American-born citizens faced intense and federally sanctioned racial discrimination in the US. The 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act was the nation’s first racial exclusion law, barring Chinese immigrants from entering the country and from becoming naturalized citizens. This further expanded to other Asian and Pacific Island areas through the Immigration Act of 1917. In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the deportation and incarceration of Japanese Americans with Executive Order 9066. Four national parks that are dedicated to interpreting the experiences of Japanese Americans after the issue of Executive Order 9066 include:

Green log Jun Fujita cabin with a red roof amongst trees at Voyageurs National Park

Jun Fujita Cabin at Voyageurs National Park

National Park Service

Other parks across the nation highlight the triumphs, perseverance, and contributions of Asian Americans, and visitors today continue to bring their own experiences and stories to parks. From the Chinese Arch at Golden Spike National Historic Site and the Jun Fujita Cabin at Voyageurs National Park to Sing Peak in Yosemite National Park and Angel Island Immigration Station near Golden Gate National Recreation Area, national parks honor the profound impact that Asian people have had on the development of our nation and of our national parks.

This is only the tip of the iceberg and only just begins to tell the story of Asian Americans. The National Park Service released a theme study and that identified multiple Asian-American and Pacific Islander heritage sites to help tell a more complete story. The identification of these sites will begin to piece together more of the Asian experience in the U.S, as there is still much more to explore and many untold stories to be unearthed. The National Park Foundation's work in preserving America's history and culture aims to share more comprehensive and inclusive stories that amplify the full range of experiences and voices that are woven into the fabric of the United States, including those of Asian Americans.


The beginning of this article states that Asian Americans have contributed much to the shaping of this country. Agreed. However, if Asian Americans have been in this country for 200+ years or so, kindly explain how is it that we only have 5 actual sites dedicated to Asian American history; and yet 4 out of the 5 are about on subject: interment camps and one site about the building of railroads. So by that rationale, you mean to tell me that we can define Asian American history in this country down to being interred and building a railroad? Have we not contributed anything else? Have no specific Asian American individuals contributed anything else? If you were an Asian American parent teaching your children, this is all I can tell my children about Asian American history is the railroads and people being interred? This is why I have held a belief my entire life that we as a people are not recognized as equals because there's alot more we can talk about within National Parks about Asian American history rather than these two subjects. This is not being to devalue or discount these 5 sites. I just believe that the agency could do more to establish a broader spectrum of Asian American history than what we currently have.
Hi Anthony. Thank you for reading this blog and sharing your thoughts. As the blog notes, national park sites preserve and interpret the multi-faceted histories of Asian experiences in America, and the parks highlighted here are just a few of the many stories preserved by the National Park Service. Much more can found in the National Park Service’s theme study shared in the blog, and every time we visit a park, we bring our own experiences and stories too. We invite you to share your own meaningful stories in the comments here. Thank you, again, for sharing your thoughts!

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